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公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(12)

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發布時間:2019年06月21日 09:31:21 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

【摘要】小編給大家帶來公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(12),希望對大家有所幫助。

Text 2

The cohesiveness(內聚力 ) of a family seems to rely on members sharing certain routine prac- tices and events. For a growing share of the American labor force, however, working shifts beyond the normal daylight hours--what we here call "shift work"--makes the lives of families difficult.

Existing re.search shows that both male and female shift workers express high levels of stress and a sense of conflict between the demands of work and family life. But shift work couples still maintain a traditional attitude to the meaning of marriage and the individual roles of husband and wife. They expressed a willingness to do "whatever it takes" to approximate their view of a proper marriage,in- cluding sacrificing sleep and doing conventional things at unconventional hours. For the majority of couples interviewed, even when wives worked outside their homes, a proper marriage is character- ized by a very clear division of roles: husbands are "providers" whose major responsibility is to sup- port the family ;wives arc "homemakers" who clean, cook, and care for husbands and children.

The women's definitions of a "good husband" are typified by the following wife's response:

I expect him to be a good provider, and be there when I need him, loyal about the same things as he would expect out of me,expect that I expect him to dominate over me. But in a manner of speak- ing, wben it' s time to be a man I expect him to stand up instead of sitting back expecting me to do everything.To husbands,a good wife is someone who is:

Understanding of what I feel go through at work. I need that respect at work,I hope I get it al work. I want my wife to realize what I expect at work. I don' t want her to give me a lot of shil when I come home from work because I don' t know if this makes much sense.

These views seemed critical to maintain the families of the shift workers.

31. Despite , shift work couples still hoped to maintain a stable life.

[ A ] traditional beliefs about marriage

[ B ] Jack of control over time

[ C ] a very clear division of roles

[ D ] the demands of work

32. From the selection, we can conclude that female shift workers were NOT satisfied with

[A] their work

[ B ] their children

[ C ] their husbands' inability to protect the family and provide companionship

[D] leisure activities

33. What is implied by the author?

[ A 1 Shift work had a direct effect on the attitudes and behavior of family members.

[ B ] Shift workers could live a normal life.

[ C] Shift work couples had unconventional ideas about marriage.

[ D ] Female shift workers were satisfied with the time spent together with their families.

34. In order to continue the marriages of the shift workers,

[ A] wives must learn to care for the children when their husbands are absent

[ B ] shift work couples must administer their time and activities

[ C ] wives mustn' t adapt their own feelings of boredom to their husbands'

[ D ] all of thesework

35. The best title for this paragraph is

[ A ] Constructing Family Life

[ B ] Managing Time and Activities

[ C ] The Meaning of Marriage

[ D ] Living a Normal Life

Text 2

參考譯文

一個家庭的內聚力似乎要依靠家庭成員們一起做一些常規的事情來維系。然而由于美國勞動力人數的增多,在非正常工作時間的輪班工作,也就是我們通常所說的“換班工作”,使家庭生活面臨困境。

現有的調查表明男性和女性的倒班工人都承認壓力很大,工作和家庭生活的需求相互沖突。但是,從事換班工作的夫婦們仍然保持著對婚姻的意義和夫妻各自責任的傳統觀念。他們表示仍然愿意“不惜一切代價”實現他們認為正常的婚姻生活,譬如犧牲睡眠時間或是在非常規的時間去做一些慣例的事情。大多數接受采訪的夫婦,甚至是那些妻子在外工作的家庭都認為,正常家庭生活的顯著特點還是清楚的分工:丈夫是家庭的“支撐者”,他們主要的責任是養活全家,而妻子仍然是“主婦”。她們負責打掃、做飯、照顧丈夫和孩子。

以下是一個妻子對“好丈夫”的定義,這代表了所有女人的看法:

我希望他能養家。在我需要的時候陪在我身邊,和我熱衷于相同的事物。希望他也愿意支配我,就像我期望的那樣。這么說吧,在需要他表現得像個男人的時候,我希望他挺身而出,而不是坐視不管,卻想讓我去處理一切。

丈夫們眼中的好妻子是這樣的:

她要理解我在工作中的感受。我需要在工作時受尊重,我希望能在工作中找到受尊重的感覺。我要我的妻子明白我對工作的期望。我可不想每天下班回家的時候,她嘮叨個沒完洇為我也不知道這是否有意義。 以上的觀點對于維護那些輪班工作的夫妻家庭是至關重要的。

答案及解析

31.B【解析】“shiftwork”意為“working shifts beyond the normal daylighthours”。而A、C選項中“traditional beliefs about marmge”,“a veryclear division of roles”均為“a stable life”的一部分,不符合題意。

32.c【解析】由文中“the women'S definitions of a good husband”可以看出C為正確答案。

33.A【解析】由文章主旨句“shiftwork makes the lives of families difficult”可知選A。

34.D【解析】聯系全文,知A、B、c三項均正確。

35.C【解析】先排除D項,因全文圍繞shiftwork展開,B項則太具體,A項則涵義過廣,全文切入點為marriage。

分享到: 編輯:紀文凱

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