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公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(8)

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發布時間:2019年06月20日 09:57:45 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

【摘要】小編給大家帶來公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(8),希望對大家有所幫助。

"We are not about to enter the Information Age, but instead are rather well into it. " Present predictions are that by 1990, about thirty million jobs in the United States, or about thirty percent of the job market, will be computer-related. In 1980, only twenty-one percent of all American high schools owned one or two computers for student use. In the fall of 1985, a new study showed that half of United States secondary schools have fifteen or more computers for student use. And now educational experts, administrators, and even the general public are demanding that all students become "computer-literate". By the year 2000 knowledge of computers will be necessary in over eighty percent of all occupations. Soon those people not educated in computer use will be compared to those who are print-illiterate today.

What is "computer literacy"? The term itself seems to imply some degree of "knowing" about computers, but knowing what? The present opinion seems to be that this should include a general knowledge, of what computers are, plus a little of their history and something of how they operate.

Therefore, it is important that educators everywhere take a careful look not only at what is being done, but also at what should be done in the field of computer education. Today most adults are able to use a motor car without the slightest knowledge of how the internal combustion engine (內燃機) works. We effectively use 'all types of electrical equipment without being able to tell their histories or to explain how they work.

Business people for years have made good use of typewriters and adding machines, yet few have ever known how to .repair them. Why, then, attempt to teach computers by teaching how or why they work?

Rather, we first must fix our mind on teaching the effective use of the computer as the tool is.

"Knowing how to use a computer is what' s going to be important. We don' t talk about ' automobile literacy'. We just get in our cars and drive them. "

31. In 1990, the number of jobs having nothing to do with computers in the United States will be reduced to

A. 79 million B. 100 million C. 30 million D. 70 million

32. The underlined part "print-illiterate" in the text refers to

A. one who has never learnt printing

B. one who has never learnt to read

C. one who is not a computer literate

D. one who is not able to use a typewriter

33. What is the first paragraph mainly about?

A. Recent predictions of computer-related jobs.

B. The wide of computers in schools.

C. The urgency of computers education.

D. Public interest in computers.

34. According to the author, the effective way to spread the use of computers is to teach

A. how to use computers

B. what computers use

C. where computers can be used

D. how computers work

35. From the text, we can infer that

A. computers will be easy to operate

B. automobile will be move comfortable

C. illiteracy rate will be down

D. computers will be set in automobiles

參考譯文

“我們不是即將進入信息時代,而是置身其中感覺良好。”目前的預測是,到l990年,在美國大約3000萬的工作或大約30%的工作市場將和電腦相關。l980年,所有美國高中只有21%的學校擁有一臺或兩臺.供學生用的電腦。而在1985年秋季,一項新的研究表明,美國一半的中等學校擁有十五臺或更多的供學生用的電腦。現在教育專家、行政人員、甚至普通大眾正要求所有學生會使用電腦。到2000年電腦知識將在超過80%的職業中成為必然要求。很快那些不會使用電腦的人將會被比作今日的“文盲”。

“電腦讀寫能力”是什么?這個術語本身暗示某種程度上與電腦有關,但是知道什么呢?時下的觀點好像是,它應該包括對電腦是什么有個大概的了解,另外知道一些電腦的歷史以及知道電腦運行方面的一些知識。

因此,每個地方的教育者不僅要留心觀察正在做的事情,而且要注意在電腦教育領域什么應該做。如今,大部分成年人在幾乎渾然不知內燃機如何運作的情況下能夠駕駛一輛摩托車。在無法講出它們的歷史

或解釋它們怎樣工作的情況下,我們也能夠有效地使用各種電器設備。

生意人已經充分利用打字機和加法機很多年了,但幾乎沒人知道怎樣維修它們。那么為什么教電腦要通過教它們內部構造以及為什么工作呢?

更確切地說,首先我們必須把注意力放在教授電腦的有效使用上,正如工具一般。

“知道怎樣使用電腦將會變得重要。我們不是在討論‘汽車讀寫能力':我們只需上車駕駛便是。”

答案及解析

31.D【解析】事實細節題。根據“…present predictions are that by 1990,about tliny million jobs in the United States,or about thirty percent of the job market,will be computer-related”(據1990年的預測,美國的三千萬份工作,約占所有工作的30%,會和電腦相關)。所以此題選擇D。

32.D【解析】事實細節題。根據“Soon those people not educated in computer use will be compared to those who are print—illiterate today”可知不懂電腦的人將會比作今日的“打字文盲”,所以此題選擇D。

33.C【解析】主旨大意題。閱讀第一段可知信息時代電腦必不可少,不懂電腦相當于“文盲”,從而呼吁加強電腦教育。所以此題選擇C。

34.A【解析】推理判斷題。第三、四段中以現代人會騎摩托車和生意人學用打印機為例,告訴了我們學習電腦的最有效方法就是學會如何使用電腦,所以此題選擇A。

35.A【解析】推理判斷題。根據“Knowing how to use a computer is what's going to be important.We don't talk about automobile literacy.We iust get in our cars and drive them”(知道如何使用電腦是很重要的…就像我們坐在車里開車一樣),由此可知學會操作電腦也不是很難的,所以此題選擇A。

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