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公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(5)

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發布時間:2019年06月20日 09:51:57 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

【摘要】小編給大家帶來公共英語考試《三級》閱讀理解練習(5),希望對大家有所幫助。

Directions:

Read the following two texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.

Text 1

Rowena and Billy Wrangler are model high school students. They study hard and do extremely well on achievement tests. And next year, Rowena will be attending Harvard University. Billy, her younger brother, hopes to go to Com ell. What makes Rowena and Billy different from most students is that they don't go to school. In fact, they've never been to school. Since kindergarten, they've studied at home. Neither Rowena nor Billy feels as if they've missed out on anything by being taught at home. Like many of more than one million people who receive home schooling in the United States, they feel as if they've gotten a good education.

The home-schooling trend began in the U.S. in the 1980s with parents keeping their children out of public schools so they could provide religious education at home. Today, as the home-schooling trend continues to grow, parents are more likely to consider home schooling as an option because they believe schools don't do a very good job of teaching and are occasionally dangerous places. But can parents really do a better job?

The answer in many cases is yes. In many studies, students taught at home ranked average or above average when compared to students who went to public schools. More importantly, these students were often more self-directed and have a greater depth of knowledge. "They are very well prepared for academic challenges," says Patricia Riordan, the dean of admissions at George Mason

University.

One such student, Robert Conrad, now a sophomore at university, claims he really learned how to study and schedule his time during his eight years of home schooling. Still, not every student is as successful as Robert.

"For every home-schooling success story, there are an equal number of failures," states Henry Lipscomb, an educational researcher. "There are just so many disadvantages that students taught at home have to overcome. " For example, they have fewer chances to interact with others of their own age. Consequently, they sometimes lack the usual social skills. "No matter what, though," states Lipscomb, "home-schooling is a growing trend. I think we'll be seeing more and more of this. "

26. Compared with other students, the most different thing Rowena and Billy do is that________

A. they study hard

B . they do extremely well on achievement tests

C . they never go to school

D . they feel they have gotten a good education

27. At first in the 1980s parents gave home-schooling to children for________

A. better education

B . religious education

C . safety

D . all the above

28. According to the article, what is NOT the advantage of being educated at home?

A. Home is a safer place for children.

B . Students taught at home are more self-directed.

C . Students taught at home have a greater depth of knowledge.

D . Students taught at home can go to good universities.

29. The Walter thinks

A.parents can do a better job than schools

B . home-schooling will be more and more useful

C . students taught at home make greater achievements

D . home-schooling is good in some aspects

30. The best title of this text might be________

A. Home-schooling: A Growing Trend

B . Home-schooling: A Better Choice

C . Home-schooling: A Way to Success

D . Home-schooling: A New Method of Education

Text l

篇章分析

本文是一篇議論文。文章一開始通過一個實例引出本文的話題——家庭學校潮流,之后介紹了家庭學校潮流的起源,此后作者提出了問題——家長能做得比學校更好嗎?之后對此問題展開了分析,第三段和第四段論述家庭學校的好處以及成功的例子,第五段則從另外一方面論證家庭學校這種教育方式的缺陷。

答案及解析

26.【答案】c

【題型】細節題

【解析】題干意為“與其他學生相比,Rowena和Billy最不同尋常的地方是什么?”從文章第一段第五句話“What makes Rowena and Billy differ-ent from most students is that they don’t go to school.”可以看出,他們最與眾不同之處在于他們從來沒有去過學校上學,因此正確答案為C。

27.【答案】B

【題型】細節題

【解析】題干意為“起初在20世紀踟年代父母給孩子們進行家庭學校教育是為了什么?”從文章第二段第一句話中“…SO they could pro-vide religiOUS education at home.”可以看出,他們這樣做是為了在家中給孩子們進行宗教教育,因此正確答案為8。

28.【答案】D

【題型】細節題

【解析】題干意為“根據文章,下面哪一條不是家庭學校的優點?”這道題需要把四個選項和原文逐一對比、逐一排除。從文章第二段倒數第二句話中“…they believe schools…Are occasionally dangerous places.”可以排除A,從文章第三段第三句話“More importantly,these students are often mole self-directed and have a greater depth of knowl·edge.”可以排除B和c,而文章沒有談到家庭學校和上好大學的聯系,因此正確答案為D。

29.【答案】D

【題型】推理題

【解析】題干意為“作者的觀點是什么?”文章第三、四、五段談到家庭學校既有優勢也有缺陷,因此A、B、C都有失片面,而D“在一些方面家庭學校不錯”更合文意。故選D。

30.【答案】A

【題型】主旨題

【解析】題干意為“文章最好的標題是什么?”A家庭學校:一個不斷發展的趨勢,8家庭學校:一個更好的選擇,C家庭學校:一條通往成功的道路,D家庭學校:一種新的教育方式。根據文章主題,B、C都有失片面,而D則不準確,家庭學校在上世紀80年代就有了,并不是新的教育方式,而文章第二段和最后一段都提到家庭學校是一種趨勢,因此A最貼切文意。故選A。

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